Long Division Step By Step
Long division is a method of dividing large numbers that requires more steps than simple division. It is an important mathematical skill that is often used in many reallife situations. The long division process involves dividing a large number by a smaller number, and the result is the quotient and remainder. This method requires multiple steps to complete, but once you understand the steps, it becomes an easy process. In this article, we will explain the long division process step by step and provide some tips for mastering it.
StepbyStep Guide to Long Division:
Step 1: Write the Division Problem
The first step is to write the problem in long division format. Write the dividend, which is the number to be divided, on the top and the divisor, which is the number you are dividing by, on the bottom, separated by a long division sign.
Example:
Let’s say we want to divide 467 by 8. The long division problem will look like this:
8  467
Step 2: Divide the First Digit
In this step, you need to divide the first digit of the dividend by the divisor. Write the quotient above the first digit of the dividend. Then, multiply the quotient by the divisor and write the result under the dividend. Subtract the result from the first digit of the dividend and write the remainder on the right.
Example:
In our example, the first digit of the dividend is 4. Divide 4 by 8, which is 0.5. Write 0 above the digit 4. Then, multiply 0 by 8, which is 0. Write 0 below 4. Subtract 0 from 4, which is 4. Write 4 on the right of 0.
0

8  467
0

4
Step 3: Bring Down the Next Digit
In this step, bring down the next digit of the dividend and write it next to the remainder. This new number will be the new dividend, and you will repeat the long division process.
Example:
In our example, the next digit of the dividend is 6. Write it next to the remainder 4.
0

8  467
0

4
6
Step 4: Divide the New Number
In this step, you need to divide the new number (the remainder and the next digit) by the divisor. Write the quotient above the new digit of the dividend. Then, multiply the quotient by the divisor and write the result under the new number. Subtract the result from the new number, and write the remainder on the right.
Example:
In our example, the new number is 46. Divide 46 by 8, which is 5.75. Write 5 above the digit 6. Then, multiply 5 by 8, which is 40. Write 40 below 46. Subtract 40 from 46, which is 6. Write 6 on the right of 0.
0 5
 
8  467
0

4
6

2
Step 5: Repeat the Process
In this step, repeat steps 3 and 4 until you have divided all the digits of the dividend. If you have a remainder, write it as a fraction over the divisor.
Example:
In our example, we repeat steps 3 and 4 with the next digit of the dividend, which is 7. Divide 27 by 8 to get the quotient and remainder.
0 5 8
  
8  467
0

4
6

2 7

3
We have now divided all the digits of the dividend, and the remainder is 3. We can write this as a fraction over the divisor.
0 5 8
  
8  467
0

4
6

2 7

3

1/8
Therefore, the answer is 58 with a remainder of 3 or 58 1/8.
Tips for Mastering Long Division:
 Practice regularly: The more you practice, the easier it becomes. Try to solve at least one long division problem every day.
 Use graph paper: Using graph paper can help you align the numbers correctly and make the process easier.
 Divide by multiples of 10: When the divisor is a multiple of 10, you can simply move the decimal point to the left in the dividend to get the quotient.
 Check your work: Always check your work by multiplying the quotient by the divisor and adding the remainder. It should equal the dividend.
 Don’t rush: Take your time and make sure you are following each step correctly. Rushing can lead to mistakes.
 Break down larger numbers: If the dividend is a large number, break it down into smaller parts and solve each part separately.
 Use estimation: Use estimation to get an idea of what the answer should be before starting the long division process. This can help you catch mistakes early.
 Learn shortcuts: There are some shortcuts you can learn, such as dividing by 9 or 11, which can make the process faster.
 Practice mental math: Improve your mental math skills so you can solve simpler long division problems in your head.
 Use technology: There are many online tools and apps available that can help you practice long division and improve your skills.
Frequently Asked Questions:
What is long division?
Long division is a mathematical process used to divide large numbers into smaller parts. It involves several steps and requires careful attention to detail.
What are the steps in long division?
The steps in long division are: write the problem, divide the first digit, bring down the next digit, divide the new number, and repeat the process until you have divided all the digits of the dividend.
Why is long division important?
Long division is an important skill that is used in many reallife situations, such as calculating taxes, budgeting, and understanding statistics.
How can I improve my long division skills?
You can improve your long division skills by practicing regularly, using graph paper, checking your work, and learning shortcuts.
What are some common mistakes in long division?
Common mistakes in long division include: misaligning the numbers, forgetting to carry or borrow, and making errors in multiplication or subtraction.
What are some tips for solving long division problems with decimals?
To solve long division problems with decimals, move the decimal point in both the dividend and the divisor to make the divisor a whole number, then follow the steps for long division.
Can long division be done with fractions?
Yes, long division can be done with fractions by converting them to decimals and following the steps for long division with decimals.
Is there a faster way to do long division?
There are some shortcuts you can learn, such as dividing by 9 or 11, that can make the process faster. However, it is important to understand the long division process and practice it regularly before attempting to use shortcuts.
Can long division be used for dividing polynomials?
Yes, long division can be used to divide polynomials by following a similar process as long division with numbers.
Is long division still relevant in today’s world of technology?
Yes, long division is still relevant in today’s world of technology. While there are many tools and apps available that can solve long division problems automatically, understanding the process and being able to do it manually can help you better understand mathematical concepts and solve more complex problems.